What is Hinduism? // What is Christianity?

What is Hinduism? // What is Christianity?


While deep breathing and meditation sure seem like a good idea. There are people of other faiths who have issues or at least questions regarding yoga’s origins in Hinduism. So what exactly is Hinduism? Hinduism is the dominant culture of India which is descended from the ancient tradition of the Brahmins, the people of God. Arguably the most varied of the world religions its common aspects consist of shared beliefs in Dharma which encompasses duty, nature, social, welfare, ethics, health, and transcendental realization. The experiences of Hindu spirituality range from extreme asceticism to extreme sensuality. From the heights of personal devotion to a deity to the heights of abstract philosophy; from metaphysical proclamations of the Oneness behind the material world to worship of images representing a multiplicity of deities. The great spectrum of belief is due to the age of this tradition. In fact it is so varied that scholars argue that there is no central tradition called Hinduism proper. There is a strong belief in karma, the universal law of cause and effect, which governs actions toward others with the reciprocity that your own self will be effected. As far as metaphysics are concerned while there are by some accounts millions of deities there is a resounding belief that all of these representations are the one God appearing as the many. This one God, Brahman, corresponds to a structure of: the Creator (Brahma), the Preserver (Vishnu), and the destroyer, (Shiva). All aspects of the Godhead are at work keeping the world in balance. Krishna is the eighth incarnation of Vishnu the Preserver who is said to incarnate physically on Earth as a man to help people more fully understand God and our purpose here. This multitude of traditions advocates that spiritual living is the way to God by leading a life of compassion, peace, and devotion. My knowledge of Hinduism is that it is a very humanity-oriented religion. That is a religion which is very much oriented toward service to others, love for humanity, of harmony between human beings — harmony between all races and all religions. I had the opportunity to travel to India in the year 2000 and spend some time with many obviously who are from the Hindu faith. What I found is that they were very amenable to the fact that I worship God the One True God. I find my hope in Jesus Christ. They acknowledge Jesus Christ. The aversion would be that they had many gods and mine was just one. Obviously where we drew the line and we did not agree is they would say that’s just one of many gods and so we weren’t going to agree that those were the same. It doesn’t mean like the bumper sticker says that we cannot coexist and be cordial and live in the same neighborhood. But it is also actually intellectually lazy to assume that I believe the same thing. I’ve been to India and that’s one thing I really noticed that, they have respect and love for your version of God. Maybe not their version. Maybe they’re worshiping Vishnu or Lord Shiva or Ganesh or whatever, but Jesus? Wonderful. Baba Hariharananda used to say, “Religions are many, God is One. So you have this name, you have this name, it’s all God. It’s really interesting that you ask the question that way “what are my views on yoga and Hinduism?” Because the connection that you’re making between the physical and the religious is exactly the problem with it. Hinduism is a pretty eclectic religious system that has been very adaptive in incorporating different religious views and spiritualities. I’m not even sure that you can clearly define it. There are Hindus that are at odds with each other over what they believe. So well I guess being fair there are Christians that are at odds with each other over what they believe. There is One Divine Being who becomes the many individual gods they are the One’s Faces. And so they’re supposed to be some kind of built-in harmony among the various divine forms in that they’re all animated by the One. The scholar Max Mueller in Germany coined the term “henotheism”, something in between monotheism and polytheism. God is undescribable. It is very hard to categorize God as this or that. But the simplest way to describe God is that He is omnipresent. He is present within us, He is present all around us and everywhere. There is no place anywhere that God isn’t. Hinduism is God, you are God. And as you being God, then God is in everything. There’s never sort of straight out pantheism where the Divine Being Brahman is just the same as the universe. There is always transcendence. The universe comes out of Brahman so there is a, a philosopher named Charles Hartshorne who coined the term “panentheism” and that little “en” after “pan” gives this sense as Hartshorne of there being a transcendent Being whose body is the universe. But just as we transcend our bodies are able to move them around and so on. So God transcends the universe. If you are following another religion, we serve a jealous god. He’s jealous of somebody who would go astray and who would follow another religion or follow another god. So my advice to them is if you want exercise, why choose yoga? If you don’t have that heartfelt love for Jesus Christ and who he is. And if you don’t appreciate what Jesus Christ has done for you.. are you willing to give something up for him? Are you willing to do something different? There’s nothing wrong with exercise and there’s nothing wrong for a Christian to go out and do yoga. But what’s your purpose? What’s your love and where is your heart? The fear surrounding that might stem from a lack of understanding of the Hindu religion and all of the different faces of God that they recognize. I imagine somebody who is not familiar with Christianity and the symbols that we use that would walk in and see Jesus nailed to a cross and think that that’s really gruesome and terrifying or what is that supposed to symbolize. You know we’re so used to it we don’t see that. Christianity is the largest most popular religion in the world today consisting of nearly two and a half billion followers. It is descended from Judaism of the ancient Israelites in that its central figure, Jesus of Nazareth, considered the Son of God by believers was a practicing Jew in the first century Roman Empire. The faith itself is based on the life, teachings, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ. The doctrine is fully expressed in the Christian Bible comprised of the Old Testament, of ancient Hebrew origin, and the New Testament, a collection of four Gospels (or “Good News”), a narrative about the apostles after Jesus’s death, several letters by various authors (mostly St. Paul of Tarsus), and a resounding finale in the Book of Revelation, a book of prophecy. While Jesus had many teachings, the primary doctrine of the church is that his death on the cross by the Roman authority signified his paying the price for the sins of the world. While he professes an unbridled love for God and one’s neighbor, the message transcribed by biblical authors highlights our need for salvation and consequently our need for a personal relationship with Christ. Traditionally the Bible has been viewed as the divinely-inspired word of God with certain denominations of believers holding it as completely infallible. Since the eighteenth century however New Testament scholars have embarked on a quest for the historical Jesus to discover more about the man who has had such a massive influence on our contemporary civilization. We are able to trace the theological evolution throughout the ages due to many disparities between gospel accounts, although many maintain that the original message of Christ shines piercingly through. It’s amazing that so many people in the world today view Christ as someone who came just to take stuff away. To make people miserable. To say you can’t do this and can’t do this and can’t do this. That’s the most gross misinterpretation of a man that could ever be given because Jesus came that we could have life — abundant life. We have I think a kind of misunderstanding about the gospels today that they were somehow written for global audiences or much larger audiences in the Mediterranean world, the truth is that all of our research suggests that these gospels were written for very small communities who had very kind of specific needs and the gospels reflect that sort of aim on the part of the writer. Even when we messed up as sinners he said listen I’m going to pay the penalty for your sin. There is no other faith on earth in which God Himself, the central figure of our faith, said I am going to pay the penalty for your sin rather than saying you’re going to have to earn my favor. It really turns religion on its head. We do know from the Synoptic Gospels that the Jesus of Matthew, Mark, and Luke does share qualities of challenging his audience being subversive in the way that he deals with conventions of the times, challenging those conventions, telling stories that require a reconsideration of age-old and sacred religious traditions and codes and regulations and so on. His fundamental mission was to change the notion of God. From the kind of vengeful Jehovah to a God who is ceaselessly compassionate and loving and forgiving.

5 thoughts on “What is Hinduism? // What is Christianity?

  1. Krishna comes only in stories(ethikasa).he is not known in Rig veda the hindu scriptures of 1500 BC. .he has 8 wife's 80 children's.All his childrens died in mahabharat war he was killed by a hunter unexpectedly when he was going into jungle after receiving a curse from gandhari.His caste is yadev .whole yadev community died because of a curse of a saint.
    These stories are told to common man but not true.
    There is no religion called hindusm in ancient india. Ancient india was known as indus valley consists of 85 countries.
    Sivasm is the first religion in ancient india. Saivasm sivalingam worship, judaism stone workship, muslims kaba stone worship are same and these people practiced animal sacrifice for remission of sins. These religion has doctrine of heaven and hell. Whole world worshipped one god.
    One god, one universe, one mankind, one life, one saviour that is jesus christ the son of god.
    In Rigveda (vishnavism ) he was called prajapathy god brahma the omnipresent (creator) and his human form and gods sacrificed him for sins of the world. Jesus christ in all religion not only in bible.he is the only way to heaven.no other way.be wise.

  2. Oppression against lower castes

    Manu Smriti 8.413-14 A Sudra, whether bought or unbought must serve the Brahmin a slave purchased or otherwise, must be employed in service, inasmuch as it for serving the Brahmana that he has been created by the self-begotten one. Even set at liberty by his master, a Sudra cannot be liberated from service: service is his vocation by nature; who shall emancipate him from that?Manu Smriti 5.140 Following the path of equity, Sudras must shave their heads once, each month, follow the rules of purification laid down in respect of the Vaishyas, and eat the leavings of Brahmana’s food.Manu Smriti 8.417 Let a Brahmana unhestitangly appropriate to himself whatever (his) Sudra (Slave) has earned, inasmuch as nothing can be belong to the latter, he being himself an enjoyable good of the Brahmana.Manu Smriti 10.129 No collection of wealth must be made by a Sudra, even though he be able (to do it); for a Sudra who has acquired wealth, gives pain to Brahmanas.Manu Smriti 8.418 (The king) should carefully compel Vaisyas and Sudra to perform the work (prescribed) for them; for if these two (castes) swerved from their duties, they would throw this (whole) world into confusion.Manu Smriti 10.96 A man of low caste who through covetousness lives by the occupations of a higher one, the king shall deprive of his property and banish.Manu Smriti 8.270-1. A once-born man (a Sudra), who insults a twice-born man with gross invective, shall have his tongue cut out; for he is of low origin. If he mentions the names and castes (gati) of the (twice-born) with contumely, an iron nail, ten fingers long, shall be thrust red-hot into his mouth.Manu Smriti 8.272 If a Sudra insolently gives any religious or moral advice to a Brahmana, the king, shall cause hot oil to be poured into his mouth and ears.Manu Smriti 8.281-2 A low-caste man who tries to place himself on the same seat with a man of a high caste, shall be branded on his hip and be banished, or (the king) shall cause his buttock to be gashed. If out of arrogance he spits (on a superior), the king shall cause both his lips to be cut off; if he urines (on him), the penis; if he breaks wind (against him), the anus.Manu Smriti 8.267-8 A Kshatriya, having defamed a Brahmana, shall be fined one hundred (panas…a Sudra shall suffer corporal punishment. A Brahmana shall be fined fifty (panas) for defaming a Kshatriya…in (the case of) a Sudra twelve.Manu Smriti 2.31-32 Let (the first part of) a Brahmana’s name (denote something) auspicious, a Kshatriya’s be connected with power, and a Vaisya’s with wealth, but a Sudra’s (express something) contemptible. (The second part of) a Brahmana’s (name) shall be (a word) implying happiness, of a Kshatriya’s (a word) implying protection, of a Vaisya’s (a term) expressive of thriving, and of a Sudra’s (an expression) denoting service.Manu Smriti 3.44; 2.127; 3.111-2; 8.88; 5.92 method of marriage, way of greetings, mode of entertaining guests, or method of administering oath in the court, process of taking out funeral procession of the Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaisya and Shudra must be different.Manu Smriti 10.51.52 But the dwellings of Kandalas [Chandala] and Svapakas shall be outside the village, they must be made Apapatras, and their wealth (shall be) dogs and donkeys. Their dress (shall be) the garments of the dead, (they shall eat) their food from broken dishes, black iron (shall be) their ornaments, and they must always wander from place to place.Manu Smriti 10.54 Their food shall be given to them by others (than an Aryan giver) in a broken dish; at night they shall not walk about in villages and in towns.Manu Smriti 10.53 One, while doing religious rite, must not see, or speak to them (Chandalas); they shall carry on their monetary or matrimonial transactions among members of their own castes.Manu Smriti 11.13 (Or) the (sacrificer) may take at his pleasure two or three (articles required for a sacrifice) from the house of a Sudra; for a Sudra has no business with sacrifices.Manu Smriti 1.91 One occupation only the lord prescribed to the Sudra, to serve meekly even these (other) three castes.Manu Smriti 9.334 But to serve Brahmanas (who are) learned in the Vedas, householders, and famous (for virtue) is the highest duty of a Sudra, which leads to beatitude.Manu Smriti 10.121-3 If a Sudra, (unable to subsist by serving Brahmanas,) seeks a livelihood, he may serve Kshatriyas, or he may also seek to maintain himself by attending on a wealthy Vaisya. But let a (Sudra) serve Brahmanas, either for the sake of heaven, or with a view to both (this life and the next); for he who iscalled the servant of a Brahmana thereby gains all his ends The service of Brahmanas alone is declared (to be) an excellent occupation for a Sudra; for whatever else besides this he may perform will bear him no fruit.Manu Smriti 3.112 Even a Vaisya and a Sudra who have approached his [Brahmin] house in the manner of guests, he [Brahmin] may allow to eat with his servants, showing (thereby) his compassionate disposition.Manu Smriti 3.92 Let him gently place on the ground (some food) for dogs, outcasts, Kandalas [Chandal] (Svapak), those afflicted with diseases that are punishments of former sins, crows, and insects.3.239 A Kandala, a village pig, a cock, a dog, a menstruating woman, and a eunuch must not look at the Brahmanas while they eat.Manu Smriti 5.131 Manu has declared that the flesh (of an animal) killed by dogs is pure, likewise (that) of a (beast) slain by carnivorous (animals) or by men of low caste (Dasyu), such as Kandalas.Manu Smriti 4.79 Let him not stay together with outcasts,nor with Kandalas, nor with Pukkasas, nor with fools, nor with overbearing men, nor with low-caste men, nor with with fools, nor with overbearing men, nor with low-caste men, nor with AntyavasayinsManu Smriti 5.85 When he has touched a Kandala [Chandal], a menstruating woman, an outcast, a woman in child bed, a corpse, or one who has touched a (corpse), he becomes pure by bathing.Manu Smriti 8.279-80 With whatever limb a man of a low caste does hurt to (a man of the three) highest (castes), even that limb shall be cut off; that is the teaching of Manu. He who raises his hand or a stick, shall have his hand cut off; he who in anger kicks with his foot, shall have his foot cut offManu Smriti 4.61 Let him not dwell in a country where the rulers are Sudras…Manu Smriti 4.80 Let him [i.e., Brahmin] not give to a Sudra advice, nor the remnants (of his meal), nor food offered to the gods; nor let him explain the sacred law (to such a man), nor impose (upon him) a penance.Manu Smriti 4.81 For he who explains the sacred law (to a Sudra) or dictatesto him a penance, will sink together with that (man) into the hell (called) AsamvritaManu Smriti 4.99 Let him [i.e., Brahmin] not recite (the texts) indistinctly, nor in the presence of Sudras; nor let him, if in the latter part of the night he is tired with reciting the Veda, go again to sleep.Manu Smriti 4.140 Let him [i.e., Dvija] not journey too early in the morning, nor too late in the evening, nor just during the midday (heat), nor with an unknown (companion), nor alone, nor with Sudra.Manu Smriti 4.223 A Brahmana who knows (the law) must not eat cooked food (given) by a Sudra who performs no Sraddhas; but, on failure of (other) means of subsistence, he may accept raw (grain), sufficient for one night (and day).Manu Smriti 5.104 Let him not allow a dead Brahmana to becarried out by a Sudra, while men of the same caste are at hand; for that burnt-offering which is defiled by a Sudra’s touch is detrimental to (the deceased’s passage to) heaven.Manu Smriti 8.21-22 The kingdom of that monarch, who looks on while a Sudra settles the law, will sink (low), like a cow in a morass. That kingdom where Sudras are very numerous, which is infested by atheists and destitute of twice-born (inhabitants), soon entirely perishes, afflicted by famine and disease.Manu Smriti 10.126 A Sudra cannot commit an offence, causing loss of caste (pataka), and he is not worthy to receive the sacraments; he has no right to (fulfil) the sacred law (of the Aryans, yet) there is no prohibition against (his fulfilling certain portions of) the law.Manu Smriti 11.132 Having killed a cat, an ichneumon, a blue jay, a frog, a dog, an iguana, an owl, or a crow, he [i.e., Brahmin]shall perform the penance for the murder of a Sudra

    Manu Smriti 11.149 He who has touched spirituous liquor, has given it away, or received it in accordance with the rule, or has drunk water left by a Sudra, shall drink during three days water in which Kusa-grass has been boiled.

    Superiority of Brahmins in Manu Smriti

    Manu Smriti 10.1 Let the three twice-born castes (varna), discharging their (prescribed) duties, study (the Veda); but among them the Brahmana (alone) shall teach it, not the other two; that is an established rule.Manu Smriti 1.88 To Brahmanas he assigned teaching and studying (the Veda), sacrificing for their own benefit and for others, giving and accepting (of alms).Manu Smriti 1.93 As the Brahmana sprang from (Brahman’s) mouth, as he was the first-born, and as he possesses the Veda, he is by right the lord of this whole creation.Manu Smriti 1.95 Through the mouth of this (Brahmana), the celestials eat their Havyas (Oblations), and the manes, their Kavyas (oblations.)Manu Smriti 1.99 A Brahmana, coming into existence, is born as the highest on earth, the lord of all created beings, for the protection of the treasury of the law.

    Manu Smriti 1.101 Whatever a Brahmin receives is his only even if it belongs to others and it is only due to the kindness of Brahmins that other castes enjoy.

  3. There is no 'love for humanity' in hinduism.It is an organization to compete with the great religion of Christian-faith.It is the work of the devil. You see the problems in India which is immense and made complicated by these fanatic hindu organizations.
    They don't want to help the poor so that they can exploit them in every possible way to satiate their evil desires. 60% of indian population is illiterate and poor. Why? it is the hub and pub of the devil the deceiver.

    It is a common sense there can be only ONE CREATOR. We HIS creation cannot make HIM or cut HIM into many piece and distribute HIS power to those imaginary-images.
    We HIS creation supposed to give HIM alone all the 'Glory and Praise.
    We should not feel bad about the dos and don'ts given by our CREATOR.
    No country can function without a law.We human supposed to follow the 'law of the land', when anyone fails to follow the 'rule of the land' punishment is given.
    All these are made for our own good,like the commandmends of GOD-THE ALMIGHTY-THE CREATOR of this Universe. We are the product of GOD.
    Take the products for example there is always an instruction-manual is given to handle the product carefully, wisely for a long service. GOD IS THE POTTER and we are the clay in HIS hands. We cannot question HIM. We HIS creation just has to follow the 'commandments' given by HIM to live a 'harmonious life'. WE ALL ONE there is no Superior or Inferior among us. WE ARE THE CHILDREN OF ONE GOD. This is the Unity OUR CREATOR wanted from us.
    Like the story of 'blind men and the elephant' we can't hold on to one part and say this is the elephant.
    Let us be Wise and honest to call spade as spade.
    GOD BLESS YOU ALL.

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